Traumatic Brain Injury Signs And Recovery
Recovering From A Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) A concussion is more than just a bump to the noggin. It is actually a specific type of traumatic brain injury, typically caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head. These types of injuries can occur anytime the head and brain are forced to move in a quick back-and-forth motion. Because concussions are rarely fatal, they are often written off by doctors as a “mild” brain injury, but research has shown that the effects can be significant and quite devastating. Symptoms A concussion can present itself in a number of ways. Sometimes, symptoms show up immediately. At other times, they are delayed and may present themselves days, weeks, or months after the incident occurred. Some symptoms are subtle, others are quite noticeable. Symptoms vary from case to case, but typically fall into at least one of the following four categories:
- Thinking & Processing: Symptoms include trouble thinking clearly, lack of concentration, mental “fog”, trouble remembering, and an overall feeling of mental slowness or lethargy.
- Physical: Physical symptoms include headaches, nausea and/or vomiting, dizziness, balance problems, blurry vision, fatigue or lack of energy, and sensitivity to bright lights or noise.
- Emotional: These symptoms can manifest as sadness or depression, irritability and moodiness, nervousness and anxiety, or experiencing emotional extremes. In severe cases of traumatic brain injury, there can be changes in personality.
- Sleep-Related: People who have concussion symptoms may sleep more or less than usual and/or have difficulty falling asleep.
- Numbness, noticeable weakness, or decreased coordination
- Headache that becomes worse and does not subside
- Repeated vomiting or prolonged nausea
- Slurred speech
- Cannot be woken up from sleep or appears very drowsy
- Cannot recognize people or places
- One pupil is larger than the other
- Convulsions or seizures
- Increasingly more confused, restless or irritated
- Unusual behavior
- Loss of consciousness